On Wednesday, August 8, CMS filed a proposed rule clearing the way for the federal government to continue making payments under the ACA’s risk adjustment program for the benefit year 2018. The 2018 proposed rule is unsurprising. It essentially mirrors the final rule CMS issued two weeks ago for benefit year 2017, including the same technical fix to the risk adjustment methodology meant to satisfy a decision handed down in February by a federal district court judge in New Mexico, who had ruled that the use of certain risk management formulas in the program was arbitrary and capricious. Both the 2017 final rule (which will presumably allow CMS to make billions of dollars in risk adjustment payments to plans this fall for benefit year 2017) and the 2018 proposed rule (which is designed to allow payments for benefit year 2018, to be paid out during the fall of 2018) will still need to be approved by the district court before any risk adjustment payments can be made, meaning the future structure of the risk adjustment program is far from set in stone. The New Mexico CO-OP which had challenged the risk adjustment methodology in the first place made clear in a filing on August 1 that it will continue to fight the risk adjustment methodology. However, CMS’s decision to continue administering the risk adjustment program is noteworthy because it represents a stark reversal from the agency’s announcement in early June that the federal government would freeze the program in response to the district court ruling. Continue Reading CMS, In a Reversal, Announces Plans to Continue Funding Risk Adjustment Payments
On Thursday June 14, 2018, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled against two health plans seeking risk corridors payments from the federal government. A more detailed background on the program and pending litigation is available in my prior post here. Continue Reading Appeals Court Rejects Insurers Risk Corridors Claims
Many provisions of the Affordable Care Act (“ACA”) have been the subject of litigation over the last decade, with several high-profile Supreme Court cases including: NFIB v. Sebelius, King v. Burwell, and Burwell v. Hobby Lobby. One of the more overlooked topics of litigation has been the ACA’s “Risk Corridors” program. This has recently changed because a decision is anticipated in the consolidated appeal of two important risk corridors cases currently pending in a federal appeals court. Continue Reading Decision Expected Soon in Ongoing Risk Corridors Litigation
On May 7th and 8th, the Center for Consumer Information and Insurance Oversight (CCIIO) held a public meeting on risk adjustment, the process through which, under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), funds are transferred from health plans that attract relatively low-risk enrollees to plans that attract relatively high-risk enrollees, such as individuals with chronic health conditions. The risk adjustment program was created to promote greater stability and to reduce the potential for adverse selection in the individual and small-group markets.
Senior officials from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) provided details regarding the approach that HHS intends to take toward risk adjustment when acting on behalf of states as well as the procedures and standards by which states that choose to administer their own risk adjustment programs can obtain certification for alternate methodologies. Officials provided important information, including the following:
- HHS intends to use a concurrent model (as opposed to a prospective model) when it runs a state’s risk adjustment program. Under this model, each individual’s risk score for a given year will be determined based on that individual’s diagnoses during that same year, rather than previous years’ diagnoses.
- HHS does not intend to adjust its risk adjustment calculations to account for payments that insurers might receive under the ACA’s temporary reinsurance program.
- HHS is considering the plan liability (as opposed to a total medical expenditure) approach to risk adjustment. This approach attempts to take into account the different cost-sharing models that plans can have.
- HHS is considering using a risk pool average premium (as opposed to using a plan’s own premium) for establishing the baseline premium necessary to calculate and balance payments and charges.
Data collection issues received considerable attention from both presenters and audience members. Under a final rule released on March 16th, HHS will use a “distributed data collection” approach when it operates a risk-adjustment program in a state, which means that each individual’s claims data remains with the insurance issuer. A state that runs its own program can use an alternate methodology, but the rule establishes standards that limit a state’s ability to collect individually identifiable information. Many commenters expressed concern that these restrictions could preclude states from leveraging existing data systems and from collecting enough long-term data to accurately perform risk adjustment. While the presenters provided little detail in response, they did indicate their belief that both the use of claims databases and the tracking of an individual’s claims information are feasible under the final rule.
The PowerPoint slides for the presentations can be found at:
- Risk Adjustment Overview
- Reinsurance, Risk Corridors, and Risk Adjustment Final Rule: Risk Adjustment
- HHS Risk Adjustment Model
- Risk Adjustment Payment Transfer Methodology
- State Flexibility and Alternate Methodologies
- Risk Adjustment Program: HHS Operations
- Proposed Technical Concept: Distributed Data Processing
- State Flexibility and Risk Adjustment Implementation